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Abstract


REFLECTION OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION OF 1929 ON SOCIAL STUDIES THEMATIC PROGRAMS APPLIED IN TURKEY

Social studies is an interdisciplinary course to be taught in elementary school which brings together different disciplines of social sciences. Within the scope of this course, students are expected to confront with their economic decisions, become conscious consumers and make the right decision on economic issues. For this reason, topics of economics should be included within the scope of social studies course. It is known that economic issues have taken place more or less in the programs of social studies thematic courses applied from the establishment of the Republic to the present day. In the first program in the history of the Republic, ‘The First School Curriculum’ dated 1924, economics was mainly underlined in the geography course. Due to the wars lasting for many years, the newly established state was in such a difficult situation economically as in every aspect. This situation should be considered within the conditions of the period, yet the economic, political and social developments have directly affected the applied curriculum. As the World Great Depression of 1929 affected states worldwide, it also affected Turkey deeply, and these effects continued until the end of the 1930s. The objective of this study is to determine the reflection of the World Great Depression of 1929 on social studies courses applied in Turkey (history, geography and civics/citizenship). Main data sources of the research are elementary school curriculums dated 1936 and 1948 that were published after the year 1929. For this reason, the document review of qualitative research methods has been used in this study. In addition to the programs mentioned in this study, critical and descriptive studies on Turkish history of education and economics have been used as a secondary data source. At the end of the study, it has been determined that economic depression of 1929 had affected social studies courses (mainly geography). While this effect was beginning in the curriculum of 1936, it also continued in the curriculum of 1948.



Keywords
Social Studies, Economy, the World Great Depression of 1929


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